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Any project's success highly depends on the efficient and effective leadership and techniques of a test lead. The role of a test lead just doesn’t end at managing the testing process but he also needs to lead and mentor the team. Monitoring the analysis, design, implementation, and execution of the test cases, procedures, and test suites are just some of the most important but common practices for a test lead.

Every organization expects that its test leads can mold themselves into better leaders to identify skills and work with individuals with various skill levels, experience, expertise levels, different attitudes, and expectations/interest levels. “Success is counted the sweetest”. If you are preparing for the test lead interview, you must know that it can be tricky for you to get success on the first attempt. As you walk into the interview there are a lot of factors that can make you nervous, and most important the questions that are going to be asked in there.

To make it simple and a little less tedious for you. In this blog, learn the " Top Most Frequently Asked Questions For The Test Lead " or QA Manager Role, when you prepare for your next interview. These questions can be the most common but vital to have a successful interview.

For better understanding, we have categorized Test Lead interview questions and answers 2023 into 2 parts:

Types of Test Lead Interview Questions

Test Lead Interview Questions For Freshers

1. What are the responsibilities of a test lead?

Ans: This is the most common question and also the trickiest. The interviewer usually asks this question to get an idea of how much you know about the test lead job role. This one should be followed by a short brief of the most common job responsibilities of a test lead as such.

2. What would be your short term and long term goals at this position?

Ans: The best way to respond to this interview question is to provide a clear idea about your interest in learning from the opportunities you get with the job role. Talk more about the areas you want to improve. You can answer this as “I want to explore management training opportunities and to learn advanced points of this industry, so I can become an industry leader.”

3. What were your responsibilities in your previous job role?

Ans: This is the most comfortable and opportunistic question you would come across in the whole interview. You just need to be as straightforward as you can, start with your experience with various projects as a tester. End your answer with all the responsibilities you had been given in the previous role and projects etc.

4. Are you familiar with industry testing standards?

Ans: You can start answering this question by mentioning your experience in various processes you have worked in. The appropriate practices that you have followed in your previous role as a tester. Such as testing security measures, ensuring products meet standards, technical policies, engineering and quality standards etc.

5. How do you write and review test cases?

Ans: Usually in most organizations test lead doesn’t write test cases, so this is just to know more about your basic skills. Your answer should be calm and composed by telling them how much you know about the process of writing the test cases and reviewing them which is indeed one of the responsibilities of a test lead.

6. How much do you know about Automation?

Ans: Business process automation is not a new buzz in the industry, and you should be aware of the new automation software and tools which are used to automate the product testing process.

7. What Tools Do You Use For Testing And Why?

Ans. You can name any tools that you have used in your previous job role. If you have not used any automation tools then simply name any 3 from tons of software testing tools available in the market. Such as Xray, test pad, test monitor, etc.

8. What is the difference between static testing and dynamic testing?

Ans: One of the major differences is, static testing is done in the verification stages but dynamic testing carries out invalidation stages. Try to cover your answer with 3-4 major differences between static and dynamic testing.

9. What is a three-point estimation?

Ans: A three-point estimation technique is used to get the standard estimated value of a project.

3 Points Estimation Technique Formula : O= M*P

  • Optimistic (O)- Duration of activity in best-case
  • Most likely (M)- Duration of activity in real case
  • Pessimist (P)- Duration of activity in the worst case.

10. What metrics would you use to evaluate a project’s progress?

Ans: A project’s progress can be measured through various metrics. You can name the most common metrics used by industry professionals which are:

  • Units Completed
  • Start/finish
  • Experience/opinion
  • Gross profit margin
  • Return of investment (ROI)
  • Cost performance.

Test Lead or Test Manager Interview Questions For Experienced

11. How do you evaluate the project's progress via these metrics?

Ans: Using these metrics I would analyze each success factor to determine the most important factors that should be considered if we are looking to succeed and achieve the goals. ( Explain why you choose these metrics and make them understand how you do understand the purpose of the project)

12. How will you determine when to stop testing?

Ans: This is the most common question that can be asked in an interview. This is to know how well you understand the project you are working on. This about your instinct and judgment that comes with a lot of experience.

Here are the most common factors that can be considered when deciding when to stop testing:

  • Deadlines
  • Passed test cases percentage
  • Test budget extension (burn rate)
  • Code amount completion
  • A minimum level of bug rate
  • Beta and alpha testing duration.

13. Name the different types of Test Plans?

Ans: There are 3 types of Test Plans:

  • Master
  • Level Specific
  • Testing Type Specific.

14. What are the different Types Of Software Testing?


  • Unit Testing
  • Integration Testing.
  • System Testing.
  • Sanity Testing.
  • Smoke Testing.
  • Interface Testing.
  • Regression Testing.
  • Beta/Acceptance Testing.

15. What is a Test Plan?

Ans: A basic document containing the details of the goals, available resources, and processes for a specific test and can have a detailed workflow.

16. Do you have experience managing a team of test engineers or QA professionals?

Ans: Interviewers can ask this question to know your management skill, as test leads are often given the responsibility to handle a team of test engineers or QA professionals. You can simply answer this question as a yes or a no. (If it is a yes you should be prepared as more team management-related questions will follow.)

17. How do you hire a member of the team?

Ans: As I said more questions will follow to better know your management skill, this is just one of them. You can answer this one with your experience in hiring in your previous organization. Tell them what qualities and skills you would prefer in a team member, in order to complete the testing projects more effectively. Such as:

  • Better thought process
  • Process knowledge
  • Better reporting & communication skills
  • His/her understanding of the latest technologies etc.

18. How would you plan the training of new members in your team?

Ans: As a test lead, it's important that you know about the new members, their skills and weaknesses to plan their training and practice the ways to make smooth communication within your team. You answer this one as “ I’ll plan their training by making sure applicants have the necessary hard skills related to product testing, and also will allow them to learn the other soft skills such test case writing, identifying the bugs, reporting, Identify the tools for Test Reporting, Test Management, Test Automation, etc.

19. How do you set your team's tasks and objectives?

Ans: You have to be prepared for this question. Answer this one in a very planned manner by telling them the top factors that you will observe within a team member before allocating them the task. Keep it simple focus on the skill set your team member holds, know your objective, their previous performances, etc.

20. What good practices can you bring among the team members?

Ans: You can name some of the most common practices that are being followed by the industry leaders. Such as:

  • Proper process documentation
  • Ensuring a high standard for product quality, security measures
  • Better communication and collaboration habits amongst the team
  • Recognizing top performers to encourage the team members
  • Team building activities.

Wrap Up

These were some of the Most Commonly Asked Questions For a Test Lead Interview. We added these questions as per our research and survey on thousands of aspirants just like you who have been interviewed recently. These questions will help you find the top success factors that are important for an effective QA process and good test team management in your next organization.

About Author


Liam Plunkett

Solution Architect

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